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Interaction with Volume-Rendered Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Images in Virtual Reality

1Laboratory for Percutaneous Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
2Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Children' Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA,USA.
3Kitware, Inc., Clifton Park, NY, USA.
4Isomics, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA.
5Surgical Planning Laboratory, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
Elsevier Science
Publication Date:
J Am Soc Echocardiogr
Volume Number:
Issue Number:
J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2018 Oct;31(10):1158-60.
PubMed ID:
Appears in Collections:
U24 CA180918/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
P41 EB015902/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS/United States
P41 EB015898/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS/United States
R01 EB021396/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS/United States
Generated Citation:
Lasso A., Nam H.H., Dinh P.V., Pinter C., Fillion-Robin J-C., Pieper S., Jhaveri S., Vimort J-B., Martin K., Asselin M., McGowan F.X., Kikinis R., Fichtinger G., Jolley M.A. Interaction with Volume-Rendered Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Images in Virtual Reality. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2018 Oct;31(10):1158-60. PMID: 30093145.
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Three-dimensional (3D) imaging is increasingly important in echocardiography. However, viewing of 3D images on a flat, two-dimensional screen is a barrier to comprehension of latent information. There have been previous attempts to visualize the full 3D nature of the data, but they have not been widely adopted. For example, 3D printing offers realistic interaction but is time consuming, has limited means for the observer to move into or through the model, and is not yet practical for routine clinical use. Furthermore, the heart beats, and 3D printed models are static. Stereoscopic viewing on 2D screens (as at a movie theater) is possible but is expensive, may not provide an immersive experience, and does not have integrated 3D input devices (controllers).